Abdurrahman Kaplan was born in 1947 in Karaman. After attending Çapa Teacher's School Painting Seminars between 1963-67, he graduated from Gazi Education Institute, Department of Painting and Crafts in 1970. He held his first solo exhibition at the Prime Ministry Culture Undersecretariat Gallery in Ankara in 1970. Between 1970-72, he taught painting in Konya and Kırşehir. Abdurrahman Kaplan produced 14 original printmaking works on “Culture, History, Space”, and held 25 solo painting and original printmaking exhibitions.

Kaplan, who held many solo exhibitions and participated in group exhibitions throughout his life, produced original printmaking works in 1999 at the Çamlıca Art House. The artist, who founded the “Painting House” in Ankara in 2004, continues to live and produce art work here.